Disaster Risk Reduction


Project Brief
Floods with consistent and rising intensity have been creating havoc in the state of Assam for many long years. Invaluable lives and properties have been lost. And this loss has recorded only one trend, an upward rising trend. Each year, flood washes away number of lives, movable and immovable properties. Loss of crops and cultivable land has now become a matter of concern, with every indication of shortage of food supplies.
Realizing the importance of addressing the issue, Bosco Reach Out initiated a three-year Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) project in Silchar and North Guwahati in Assam. The project seeks to enhance community coping measures by reducing community vulnerability and utilize resources optimally in the 19 intervened villages in Silchar and North Guwahati. An attempt to reduce casualties of human lives and properties require not only capacity building of communities but also effective linkage with government departments and organisations to mobilize support. The focus is on skills and knowledge building of communities to reduce their vulnerability and cope with flood menace without crises on food and livelihood security.


  • Health camps have been organised among communities where people are offered free medical check-ups and referred for treatment
  • In all the 19 intervened villages, Village Level Disaster Management Committees (VLDMC) and Task Forces have been formed. The VLDMCs act as supervisory body to coordinate disaster management activities at village level and advocate at higher level whereas the Task Forces cater to community needs as disaster information, shelter home management, health care, food and rescue during flood
  • Functional linkage with government departments as agriculture department, block development office and insurance companies have been built. Officials of these departments have facilitated communities in interface programmes and oriented communities on aspects of cropping pattern, crop diversification, crop insurance and assistance
  • Farmers have insured crops with Agriculture Insurance Company of India Limited
  • Communities have practiced systematic rice intensification (SRI)
  • Communities have been imparted training on first-aid and swimming to minimize risk and loss
  • Community in North Guwahati has been equipped with shelter home for emergency shelter during flood
  • 13 boats have been distributed among the flood prone communities of North Guwahati and Silchar
  • Tube wells have been elevated to provide communities with access to safe drinking water even during flood
  • Communities have taken up community works as cleaning of lake in North Guwahati region that is the source of irrigation for villagers especially during winter cultivation
  • People have stocked fodder for animals in raised platform and built houses in raised plinth where it is difficult for water to inundate and destroy fodder or dwelling places
  • As part of building community unity, sports and cultural competitions have been held on festive occasions and days of national importance as Republic Day. Community participation was encouraging in both the regions of North Guwahati and Silchar